You could also say that the combination of elevation and coca make this one of the highest cities in the world. You feel the effects of the altitude within minutes of disembarking from your plane on the dusty tarmac of Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport: shortness of breath, headache, dizziness and nausea.
And, in extreme cases, altitude sickness can lead to death. It makes you wonder what the Incas were thinking to establish the capital of their empire here back in the 13th century. Luckily, they knew all about the powers of coca. So do the vendors who greet your flight. Visitors greet their wares with both curiosity and trepidation. After all, coca is illegal everywhere on Earth except Peru, Bolivia and parts of Argentina.
However, the amount of cocaine in coca is minuscule, and the effects are quite different. Coca is a mild stimulant that combats thirst, hunger, pain and fatigue, without the euphoria and psychoactive effects of cocaine. And yes, coca is an ingredient in Coca Cola, but the version the soft drink giant uses today has been de-cocainized since the original recipe. Locals usually chew the dried leaves, adding more leaves throughout the day to a wad tucked in their cheeks.
Coca consumption also has a religious and cultural aspect. It was long a part of spiritual life among the Inca and, even today, locals bow to the mountain gods and offer a little incantation thanking them for this miraculous herb.
Please feel free to browse existing topics for answers to your travel questions. More information can be found by viewing the following announcement. Details here. LOVED it Luckily, went to Machu Picchu 3 days before Mick Jagger, because, they "closed" MP for him, for 3 hours in the morning!!
Be prepared for all kinds of weather One BIG word of caution I bought a box of "packaged" coca tea from the supermarket, and once we got back to the U.
He threatened to have me arrested, and to file an "official drug interdiction report". I am a doctor and need to have a clean record from any drug related issues. He sounded like a typical police officer, and said I know people have brought in tea, and chocolate, or candy with coca, but you are taking a BIG chance.
He finally let me go, gave me the stern warning, and even let me have the tea!!! This subject sometimes gets discussed at our place when travellers returning to their country have bought coca tea or coca leaves to take back, and then get second thoughts. The result usually is that they leave the stuff behind because you never know what type of official will be checking on you and how much time it all will take, even if what you do is legal.
If this had happened at the airport in Peru you might well have missed your plane. My interpretation of your story is that, yes, it is allowed to bring coca tea into the US. Otherwise the official should have confiscated it. He just got suspicious and found nothing. But that is just an interpretation. Never had a problem taking coca tea tea bags to NYC or candy for that matter.
It is legal to take that but not sure on the actual coca leaves. Going through customs in the USA is always such fun. He was wrong, you were right, but it doesn't make any difference. I guess if you declare it then worst case scenario is that you're in the clear but lose the tea. A mate of mine brought coca tea into the UK like that. It is legal to take that.
Where are you getting the information that it's legal to import coca tea? A reference would be quite helpful. A reading of the actual law makes it quite clear that coca leaf tea, unless it's decocainized, is illegal. Coca leaves and any salt, compound, derivative or preparation of coca leaves including cocaine and ecgonine and their salts, isomers, derivatives and salts of isomers and derivativesand any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of these substances, except that the substances shall not include decocainized coca leaves or extraction of coca leaves, whhch extractions do not contain cocaine or ecgonine.
Jacob Sullum from Reason mag has an interesting short article about coca tea and drug tests.Coca leaves have many health benefits. Coca Erythroxylum coca and E. It is a shrub that can grow into meters high.
The branches are thin with dark-colored leaves. The flowers are small, growing in clusters with short stems. These flowers would later turn into reddish berry-like fruits. Coca tree can grow easily in any tropical areas. Indigenous American people already recognized health benefits of coca leaves far before Colombus came to America. In grams of fresh coca leaves, there are minerals like calcium, phosphorus, iron, and vitamins vitamin A, B2, and E which exceed American Daily Recommended Nutritional Intake.
Because it has high amount of calcium, protein, vutamin A and E, and other nutrients, this plant offers possibility of being categorized into crops rather than medicinal plant, which is what this plant is categorized today.
Daily Value is based on Calories diet. Your may need more or less calories according to your age, gender, health status, and your daily activities. Moreover, coca leaves contain other alkaloids, such as nicotine, hygrine, hydroxytropacocaine, tropacocoaine, ecgonine, etc.
Indigenous American people around Andes mountains Bolivia, Colombia, Venezuela, Peru already recognize health benefits of coca leaves since long time ago.
Both men and women use coca leaves.Coca growers march to US embassy to demand recognition of coca leaf
The leaves can be made into tea or being chewed. We can find shops selling coca tea bags in all societies around Andes mountains. Coca leaves act as mild stimulant which can elevate mood and eliminate fatigue. Absorbtion of coca alkaloid from its leaves is much longer than absorbtion of powdered cocaine from the nose. After being swallowed, the coca alkaloid gets its peak concentration hours after consumption.
This makes coca leaves do not cause addiction. Indigenous people drink coca leaves tea mate de coca everyday because they believe that coca leaves give them many health benefits. Although coca leaves contain cocaine too, the cocaine is mild and not as strong as the powdered one used by cocaine-addict people. It also reduce the incidence of cocaine-withdrawal syndromes since the alkaloids replace cocaine in the brain.
Because of the alkaloid contents and non-addictive property, coca leaves is suggested to be used in narcotics-rehabilitation therapy. Mountain sickness is often caused by the lack of oxygen in the blood, which often resulted in shortness of breath, headache, and even death. Healthy red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body.
One of health benefits of coca leaf is rich in iron, which is essential for production of healthy red blood cells. Indigenous people use coca leaves as anaestetics and analgesics, to eliminate pain from headache, reumatism, wounds, etc.
It is also used to eliminate pain during childbirth and broken bone therapy. Before modern anaesthetic drugs were found, coca leaves were used as anaesthetic in trepanation operation making hole on on the skull, a tradition of indigenous people in Andes.
Daily intake of high calcium foods is needed for healthy bones and teeth, and prevents us to get osteoporosis. The indigenous people recognize that coca leaves has health benefits of curing broken bones, probably becuse of high calcium contents and the anesthetic effect. Some factories in Andes region use the extracts as ingredients in toothpaste, due to its high calcium content.On the bright side: You now have 10 delicious reasons to travel abroad.
We're not sure which marketing genius dubbed these candies "Chicken Bones," but we can assure you that they're much more appetizing than the name suggests. This uniquely Canadian candy is dark chocolate covered with a crunchy cinnamon crust, shaped … well, kind of like a chicken bone. If chicken bones were pink and yummy looking. Americans love Kit Kats. So much so, in fact, that I'm willing to bet just reading about them has lodged the famous Kit Kat jingle in your head: "Give me a break, give me a break, break me off a piece of that Kit Kat bar!
Why doesn't Nestle, the maker of the candy bar, let us have all of the amazing Kit Kat flavors it sells abroad? Like the mango-flavored Kit Kat found in Japan: We can handle it, we promise.
10 Tasty Candies You Can’t Eat in America
Salty and sweet is a time-tested, delectable combination. Take, for example, the tough-to-pronounce, easy-to-binge-eat Swedish candy Kola Salta Ovaler. This gummy candy mixes cola and salt flavors together for a tasty treat. It looks kind of like a black-and-white cookie but smaller and in candy form. The round marshmallow-candy disc has cola flavor on one side and salty licorice flavor on the other. Black licorice lovers we know you're out therethis is your heaven.
The British word "moreish" describes something so good that it keeps you wanting, well, more. We think it was invented to describe the Ainsley Harriott Chocolate Heaven Bar, which is so good that you can't stop eating it. It's crispy wafers, chocolate cream, and milk chocolate chips all slathered in Belgian chocolate. Plus, the somewhat creepy photo of Ainsley Harriott on the packaging will impel you to Google who he is, so you'll learn something while eating this candy.
We'll save you the search: He's a British chef who had a TV cooking show. Orangina, that fruity soda, is already basically liquid candy, so it makes sense that Haribo has turned it into an actual sugar snack. Think of these as Sour Patch Kids but a million times better and more French. The gummies contain two Orangina flavors, one pink and one orange, shaped like the drink bottles and covered in a sour-sweet sugar coating.
Why can't we get Cadbury Creme Eggs year-round? And, more importantly, why can't we ever get the Cadbury Creme Egg Twisted, which is available days a year in the U. Life isn't fair, that's why.
We're tempted to book the next flight to England just to get this candy, which is a milk chocolate bar filled with the classic creme egg center. Bonus: This treat was recently introduced in Canada and New Zealand, so it's now just a road trip away for many Americans! You've got to love Australia.
The country is literally teeming with creatures that can kill you, and its response is to make a candy modeled after one of the deadliest animals, and then eat it. Is this the gastronomic equivalent of laughing in the face of death? Take a bite out of one of these snakes instead of the other way around and you won't regret it—these oversized gummy snakes have different flavors in every bite. Have you ever jokingly called yourself a "candy addict"? That phrase may take on a whole new meaning once you sample Peru's coca candy.
It comes from the coca leaf also the source of "nose candy," a. Don't expect to get too hopped up on this little sucker, though—you'll only get a mild buzz similar to the one you get from caffeine. It can, however, help you power through the high-altitude fatigue you might experience in parts of Peru. Know what American candy is lacking?Coca is any of the four cultivated plants in the family Erythroxylaceaenative to western South America.
The plant is grown as a cash crop in Argentine NorthwestBoliviaColombiaEcuadorand Perueven in areas where its cultivation is unlawful.
Which is better - cocoa leaves or cocoa candy?
Coca is known throughout the world for its psychoactive alkaloidcocaine. The alkaloid content of coca leaves is relatively low, between 0. Coca-Cola used coca leaf extract in its products from and until about The coca plant resembles a blackthorn bush, and grows to a height of 2 to 3 metres 7 to 10 feet.
The branches are straight, and the leaves are thin, opaque, oval, and taper at the extremities. A marked characteristic of the leaf is an areolated portion bounded by two longitudinal curved lines, one line on each side of the midrib, and more conspicuous on the under face of the leaf.
The flowers are small, and disposed in clusters on short stalks; the corolla is composed of five yellowish-white petalsthe anthers are heart-shaped, and the pistil consists of three carpels united to form a three-chambered ovary. The flowers mature into red berries. The leaves are sometimes eaten by the larvae of the moth Eloria noyesi. All four of the cultivated cocas were domesticated in pre-Columbian times and are more closely related to each other than to any other species.
There are two main theories relating to the evolution of the cultivated cocas. The first put forth by Plowman  and Bohm  suggests that Erythroxylum coca var. Recent research based on genetic evidence Johnson et al. There may be a common, but undiscovered ancestor.
Wild populations of Erythroxylum coca var. The two subspecies of Erythroxylum coca are almost indistinguishable phenotypically. Erythroxylum novogranatense var. Under the older Cronquist system of classifying flowering plantsthis was placed in an order Linales ; more modern systems place it in the order Malpighiales. Also known as supercoca or la millionariaBoliviana negra is a relatively new form of coca that is resistant to a herbicide called glyphosate.
Glyphosate is a key ingredient in the multibillion-dollar aerial coca eradication campaign undertaken by the government of Colombia with U. The herbicide resistance of this strain has at least two possible explanations: that a " peer-to-peer " network of coca farmers used selective breeding to enhance this trait through tireless effort, or the plant was genetically modified in a laboratory.
History and uses of the Coca leaf
Ina patented glyphosate-resistant soybean was marketed by Monsanto Companysuggesting that it would be possible to genetically modify coca in an analogous manner. Spraying Boliviana negra with glyphosate would serve to strengthen its growth by eliminating the non-resistant weeds surrounding it. Joshua Davis, in the Wired article cited below, found no evidence of CP4 EPSPS, a protein produced by the glyphosate-resistant soybean, suggesting Bolivana negra was either created in a lab by a different technique or bred in the field.
Coca is traditionally cultivated in the lower altitudes of the eastern slopes of the Andes the Yungasor the highlands depending on the species grown. Coca production begins in the valleys and upper jungle regions of the Andean region, where the countries of Colombia, Peru and Bolivia are host to more than 98 per cent of the global land area planted with coca.
The seeds are sown from December to January in small plots almacigas sheltered from the sun, and the young plants when at 40 to 60 centimetres 16 to 24 inches in height are placed in final planting holes aspior if the ground is level, in furrows uachos in carefully weeded soil.
The plants thrive best in hot, damp and humid locations, such as the clearings of forests; but the leaves most preferred are obtained in drier areas, on the hillsides. The leaves are gathered from plants varying in age from one and a half to upwards of forty years, but only the new fresh growth is harvested.
They are considered ready for plucking when they break on being bent. The first and most abundant harvest is in March after the rainy season, the second is at the end of June, and the third in October or November. The green leaves matu are spread in thin layers on coarse woollen cloths and dried in the sun; they are then packed in sacks, which must be kept dry in order to preserve the quality of the leaves.There are over one hundred species of coca shrubs although only two are used for chewing.
One called the Bolivian leaf Erythroxylon coca and the other known as the Peruvian leaf Erythroxylon novogranatense. The delicate tea-like leaves of the coca plant can be harvested four times a year for almost 50 years.
Coca grows best in the moist climate of the Andes mountains at elevations of 4, to 6, feet. Early Myths and Legends Early South American folklore accredits the appearance of coca to different deities. From what they had heard, the Indians recalled, before coca was a shrub it was a beautiful woman. Discovered to be an adultress, she was executed, cut in half, and buried as a seed would be planted.
Only men were permitted to pick its leaves, placing them in their pouches. Freud cited a legend of the Aymaran tribe in which Khuno, the god of snow and storm, angrily burned the land of all vegetation but the coca plant. The Indians ate the leaves to relieve their hunger, and found that it also helped them endure the cold. Two other legends come from the Inca period attributing divine origin to the plant.
According to one legend, the plant was a gift from the sun god Inti who instructed the moon mother Moma Quilla to plant the coca in the moist valleys of the Andes.
It was to only be used by the Incas, as they were the descendants of the gods, to give them endurance to perform their earthly functions. The other and more famous legend involves Manco Capac, the son of god and his sister-wife Mama Oello the founders of the Inca empire.
Legend says that they brought the culture of agriculture and the made the coca plant a present to the Incans for their hard labor. It was considered a divine plant which satiates the hungry, strengthens the weak, and causes those who chew it to forget their misfortunes. Early Uses Coca leaves have been chewed by South American Indians for many thousands of years to induce a mild, long-lasting euphoria. The Incas venerated coca. They used it in magical ceremonies and initiation rites.
In the Inca period, the sacred leaf was regarded as far too good for ordinary Indians. The invading Spanish conquistadors were more practical. They believed that the herb was so nutritious and invigorating that the Indians labored whole days without anything else. The Spanish also needed native labor in their silver mines. Work in the mines was extremely arduous, and taking coca reduces appetite and increases physical stamina. Therefore there was a great surge in coca use and the number of coqueros coca-chewers.
Coca has been used for ages as a food substitute, a stimulant, a medicine, as an aphrodisiac, a means to stay warm, and as a measure of distance. An important factor in the spread of coca-chewing among Indians was due to a need for a food substitute when the Incan agricultural economy broke down due to inter tribal wars.
Coca Candy Drug Test
Please feel free to browse existing topics for answers to your travel questions. More information can be found by viewing the following announcement. Details here. I know that this isn't too related to the forum but I have an urgent question.
I have just recently arrived from Peru and gave my sister some coca candy as a souvenier from my trip. Long story short, that yielded a positive test for cocaine. She's never touched that in her life. I had no idea that would turn it positive and going through custom's I presented the candy to customs and asked if this would be okay to bring into the US of which they said it was candy and would be okay.
Has anyone had this experience or know of someone with this experience? Can the positive test be isolated based on what turned her positive? She took a urine and blood test and came up positive. She also ate a piece of candy the night before the test. You can test positive for opiates if you eat poppy seed bagels, so testing positive for cocaine after eating coca candy would be possible, you will test positive if you have been drinking coca tea even though as pointed out cocaine is a refined form but both get positive results with the systems normally used to test for drugs.
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